Friday, October 29, 2021
Wheel-well stowaways are people who attempt to travel in the landing gear compartment, also known as wheel bay, or undercarriage) of an aircraft. Between 1947 and June 2015, a U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) researcher had documented 113 such attempts on 101 flights. These 113 people were all male and predominantly under age 30. There were 86 deaths, a 76 percent fatality rate, with many unidentified decedents. There may be additional undocumented cases of wheel-well stowaways. Wheel-well stowaways face considerable risk of death during all phases of flight. Some have been unable to remain in the well during takeoff and landing and have fallen to their death. Immediately after takeoff, the landing gear retracts into the wheel wells, with the potential to crush the stowaway. If the stowaway is able to avoid physical injury, they still face hypothermia and hypoxia risks at the extremely cold temperatures and low atmospheric pressure at high altitude. Aeromedical physiology: At altitudes above approximately 2,500 m (8,000 ft), hypothermia becomes a risk and reduced atmospheric pressure and partial pressure of oxygen, which drop below the level required to support brain consciousness at the cruising altitudes of jet aircraft, may impair physiological processes. At altitudes above 6,000 m (20,000 ft), stowaways may also develop decompression sickness and nitrogen gas embolism. Temperatures continue to decrease with altitude, and may drop as low as −63 °C (−81 °F). As the plane descends to lower altitudes, a gradual rewarming and reoxygenation occur; if the stowaway does not regain consciousness and mobility by the time the landing gear is lowered during final approach, or has already died, the body may fall from the aircraft. According to the FAA, it is likely that the number of stowaways is higher than records show because bodies have fallen into the ocean or in remote areas. Many wheel-well stowaways are found, dead or alive, with their bodies covered in frost, suggesting severe hypothermia during flight. Fidel Maruhi, who survived a wheel-well flight from Tahiti to Los Angeles in 2000, had a body temperature of 26 °C (79 °F), well below the level usually considered fatal, when emergency personnel began treating him on the runway. How those wheel-well stowaways who have survived have done so is a question scientists have not yet been able to answer. "Something happens that we don't understand" says one. Dr. Stephen Véronneau, a research medical officer at FAA’s Civil Aerospace Medical Institute, described as the world's foremost expert on the phenomenon, wrote in a 1996 paper for the FAA that he believes humans, when placed in an environment that overwhelms the body's ability to control its own temperature, become poikilothermic and "a state somewhat reminscent of hibernation occurs, during which the body's requirement for oxygen is greatly diminished". Véronneau later documented 99 cases worldwide of wheel well stowaways from 1947 through June 6, 2013, with 76 fatalities and 23 survivors, and noted there may be additional undocumented cases of successful surviving wheel-well stowaways also escaping the aircraft undetected, potentially with the assistance of accomplices. One survivor, Armando Socarras Ramirez, who defected from Cuba aboard an Iberia flight from Havana to Madrid in 1969, recalled in 2021 that his earliest post-flight memories are of Spanish doctors calling him "Mr. Popsicle" because ice covered his body when the pilot discovered him after his arrival. He had boarded the plane while it was taxiing, carrying a flashlight, rope and wool to stuff his ears; a companion fell out of the other wheel well before takeoff and a third backed out at the last moment. After takeoff, he had suffered frostbite on his middle finger so severe it turned black holding on until the wheels retracted, but then remembered nothing save shivering and shaking from the extreme cold until he lost consciousness. It took him a month in a Spanish hospital to regain his hearing, but he reports no lingering medical issues from the experience. In the media: Wheel-well stowaways have been widely covered in the press and media at large throughout the history of passenger airlines. One of the most notable incidents involved Keith Sapsford (14) from Sydney, Australia who fell 200 feet (60 m) to his death from the wheel-well of a Tokyo bound Japan Air Lines Douglas DC-8 on February 24, 1970, shortly after takeoff from Sydney Kingsford Smith Airport. Amateur photographer John Gilpin was taking pictures of planes taking off that day, and did not realize he had captured the boy’s final moments until he developed the pictures a week later. The photo was then famously featured in Life magazine's issue for the week of March 6, 1970, in their "Parting Shots" section of particularly newsworthy photos, across the fold of a two-page spread, alongside photos of spectators tossed into the air and killed at a stock car race in Luanda, Angola and a fatal shootout in a Los Angeles, California store. List of wheel-well stowaways: Below is a chronological list of documented aircraft wheel-well stowaway incidents. Stowaways have also traveled in a cargo hold, or in a spare parts compartment both of which are pressurized, or even in the pressurized cabin itself. In at least one other instance, on July 31, 2013, a cat survived a flight from Athens to Zürich in the front undercarriage of an Airbus A321.
Thursday, October 7, 2021
Wednesday, October 6, 2021
I'm trying this thing where I massage my gut in order for it to help me lose weight. At first my electrolytes were all kinds of crazy and I felt my blood sugar all kinds of crazy as well. While I'm still getting used to it my body is much better at not making me dizzy or woozy my body is getting bad in other ways. Things like continually getting back pain and joint pain, which I've heard if you're like me and are double jointed CAN make weight loss a little more difficult as the pain was making your joints stiff or sore. Luckily, because of my water weight loss and getting off my period I've been able to lose SOME more weight. I'm still working on it and hopefully I'll get better.
I've been trying to control my dandruff on several ways. Shampoo, hair spray FOR dandruff control, brushing my hair out so I can get it out, etc. Having longer hair makes it a little harder on the control. While Dandruff control is harder with the longer hair I'm trying my best. Plus, I'm also trying to get my skin less dry so my hair isn't so prone to flaking. That kinda thing means keeping hydrated, which can help skin not dry out and making sure my hair is also taken care of in other ways such as regular shampoo.
Monday, October 4, 2021
On September 6, 2018, a mass shooting occurred in Cincinnati, Ohio, United States. At 9:10 AM EDT, Omar Santa Perez, 29, opened fire with a Taurus PT-809E 9mm pistol equipped with standard and hollow-point ammunition, in the lobby of the Fifth Third Center in Cincinnati, Ohio, killing three people. He was then shot and killed by responding police officers. Incident: Prior to the attack, Santa-Perez had entered a sandwich shop and potentially visited other businesses in the building, before returning to the bank and opening fire. Those killed in the attack were identified as two bank employees and a contractor. Two other victims were injured in the attack. Santa-Perez's gun reportedly jammed at least once during his shooting spree. Luckily, this gave officers enough time to approach the Center's main lobby, where they encountered an active shooter situation, with Santa-Perez firing into the lobby. Four of the responding officers engaged the shooter with their weapons, striking Santa-Perez multiple times. Body camera footage of the shooting released by the Cincinnati Police Department showed Santa-Perez indiscriminately shooting at any person he saw, and the gunman was later shot dead through a glass pane by police. The Hamilton County Coroner told reporters "The aggressor had one weapon, but a whole lot of rounds of ammunition. And he didn't hesitate to pull the trigger, empty his magazine, release and do it over and over again." Victims: One of the victims was reported deceased by first responders at the scene, while two others were declared deceased after arriving at the University of Cincinnati Medical Center. Two other victims were also transported, with one listed in critical condition and the other in fair. Investigation: Speaking at a press conference, Cincinnati mayor John Cranley stated that initial reports appeared to show that the victims were shot at random and that, "it didn't appear to be a dispute between people." During the initial investigation, it was discovered by police that the shooter was carrying hundreds of rounds of ammunition and "...could've killed over 100 people." Body camera footage was released by law enforcement on September 8, which documented the officers' actions when they encountered the gunman.
On March 18, 2018, in Riverview, Florida, a 29-year-old man, Ronnie Oneal III, murdered his girlfriend, 33-year-old Kenyatta Barron, and their 9-year-old daughter and attempted to kill their 8-year-old son Ronnie Oneal IV. Ronnie Oneal IV, the sole survivor of the attack, managed to escape the home, alerting detectives, "My father shot my mother", before being escorted to a local hospital. Events: At 11:43 p.m. EDT, the Hillsborough County Sheriff's Office received a 911 emergency call from an unknown woman, now believed to have been Kenyatta. An unknown male voice can be heard screaming "Allah Akbar" (which means "God is the greatest"). Then the female caller said, "I’m so sorry Ronnie," as she screamed loudly. A male caller could be heard in the background saying, "She killed me," and, "Don’t come outside, call 911 now," according to the news release. The 911 call ended shortly thereafter. Eight minutes later, a second 911 call came in at 11:51 p.m., this time featuring a male caller claiming to have been attacked by "white demons" and accusing Kenyatta (addressed as "Ke-Ke" in the call) of trying to kill him, and that he "just killed her." Ronnie III gave their home address. Deputies arrived at the home at 11:49 p.m. to find a woman, later identified as Kenyatta, lying unconscious in the yard of the home at the mentioned address. Prior to killing her, Ronnie III yelled, "Come in here, kill this bitch!" Ronnie III also beat his daughter with an ax, killing her, and stabbed his son, Ronnie IV, leaving him critically wounded. Ronnie III then proceeded to set fire to their home, but Ronnie IV escaped the home with stab wounds and burns and told a detective, "My father shot my mother" and was promptly transported to a hospital for treatment of his serious injuries. Ronnie III resisted arrest until being tasered by police, who were then able to quickly arrest him. While inside the squad car, he called his murdered victim Kenyatta "the devil" and said, "The kids are the devil's kids." He was booked into Hillsborough County Jail the next day. On March 22, four days after the attack, Ronnie IV told detectives his account of the events of March 18 that left his mother and sister dead. Sentencing: The sentencing hearing for Ronnie III began on June 16, 2021. The survivor, Ronnie IV, testified in court as a witness to the case. Ronnie III asked him, "Did I hurt you that night of the incident?", to which the boy replied "Yes". Ronnie III then asked him, "How did I hurt you?" The boy replied, "You stabbed me." Ronnie III had served as his own attorney, cross-examining Ronnie IV and claiming that his son had lied to investigators. Initially, court documents filed by attorneys claimed that Ronnie III was acting in self-defense, thus invoking the "stand-your-ground law". However, on June 21, 2021, Ronnie III was still found guilty of two counts of first-degree murder, one count of attempted first-degree murder, as well as counts of aggravated child abuse, arson, and resisting a law enforcement officer. On July 23, 2021, he was sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole plus 90 years, run consecutively. Owing to the details and facts about the case, sentencing judge Michelle Sisco described it as the "worst case she's ever seen" in her long career, dating back to 2002, of being a judge. State Attorney Andrew Warren's response to the attacks was "These murders are among the most cruel and vicious our community has ever seen." Aftermath: On November 25, 2019, Ronnie IV was adopted by detective Mike Blair, who saved his life on the night of the killings. Ronnie IV changed his name to Ronnie Blair and became a brother to the five biological children, aged 16 to 23, of Mike Blair and his wife Danyel. Mike recalls the night of the killings, saying that there was "no expectation Ronnie would live", and considers Ronnie's recovery to be a miracle. Of the adoption, Ronnie says that he is "loved" and "part of the family."